The topic of discussion for this Constitution Monday comes from the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States: “… No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States….” This provision simply states that all citizens of the United States have the right to enjoy the privileges and protections of citizenship.
W. Cleon Skousen explained, “It will be observed that this merely repeats what the Constitution had already stated in Article IV, section 2: `The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.’
“In both instances the Constitution refers only to the privileges and immunities belonging to a person as a citizen of the United States. It does not prohibit the states form altering, regulating, or restricting privileges and immunities related to state citizenship.
“Examples of privileges and immunities on the state level would be such things as working hours, labor laws affecting women and children, size of a jury, voting in city, county, or state election, and so forth." (See The Making of America – The Substance and Meaning of the Constitution, p. 722.)