Horace Greeley was born on February 3, 1811, near Amherst, New Hampshire. He served as an apprentice printer for five years and then at age 20 he went to New York to seek his fortune. He became an important editor, reformer, and political leader.
Greeley began in 1834 to publish the New Yorker, a new literary magazine that had financial problems. He wrote political papers and became a liberal Whig. In 1838 he published a weekly paper called Jeffersonian; he also published the Log Cabin during the 1840 presidential campaign. The next year he established the New York Tribune. He worked closely with Thurlow Weed, the New York State Whig political boss, and William H. Seward, the governor of New York. He and his Tribune were violently opposed to slavery.
Greeley accepted the presidential nomination in 1872 for the Liberal Republicans and Democrats, but he lost decisively to Ulysses S. Grant. He died on November 29, 1872, in Pleasantville, New York.