Declaration of Independence

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. - That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

Sunday, September 7, 2014

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

                The topic of discussion for this Constitution Monday comes from the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States: 
“… cruel and unusual punishments [shall not be] inflicted.”  Simply put, this clause gives criminals the right to be treated fairly.

                W. Cleon Skousen stated, “At the time of the adoption of the Constitution the British penalty for high treason was having the convicted person `hanged by the neck and then cut down alive, then he was disemboweled while yet living.  His head was cut off and his body divided into four parts for disposition by the King.’
                “The English law also provided for cutting off the ears, flogging, cutting off hands, castrating, standing in the pillory, slitting of the nose, and branding on the cheek.  There were also certain situations for which there was `perpetual imprisonment.’” (See The Making of America – The Substance and Meaning of the Constitution, p. 711-712.)

                David F. Forte of The Heritage Foundation explained:  “There has been much debate over the categories of punishments covered by the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause.  Possible categories at issue are (1) punishments not prescribed by the legislature, (2) torturous punishments, and (3) disproportionate and excessive punishments.  Although the issue is disputed, the weight of scholarly opinion indicates that the ban on cruel and unusual punishment in the 1689 English Bill of Rights applied only to punishments not authorized by Parliament.  The American colonial understanding, on the other hand, was that the ban applied to torturous punishments such as pillorying, disemboweling, decapitation, and drawing and quartering….” (See The Heritage Guide to the Constitution, p. 364.)

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